“I argue that, in what are called “Western” societies, the attempt to create a transhistorical and transcultural concept of religion that is essentially prone to violence is one of the foundational legitimating myths of the liberal nation-state. The myth of religious violence helps to construct and marginalize a religious Other, prone to fanaticism, to contrast with the rational, peace-making, secular subject. This myth can be and is used in domestic politics to legitimate the marginalization of certain types of practices and groups labeled religious, while underwriting the nation-state’s monopoly on its citizens’ willingness to sacrifice and kill. In foreign policy, the myth of religious violence serves to cast nonsecular social orders, especially Muslim societies, in the role of villain. They have not yet learned to remove their dangerous influence of religion from political life. Their violence is therefore irrational and fanatical. Our violence, being secular, is rational, peace-making, and sometimes regrettably necessary to contain their violence. We find ourselves obliged to bomb them into liberal democracy.”

William T. Cavanaugh, The Myth of Religious Violence




"I think that what’s important now is to mobilize hysteria as a quasi-revolutionary force. Hélène Cixous insists it is an inherently revolutionary power: it intervenes, breaks up continuities, produces gaps and creates horror—refusing conformity with what is. Feminism could benefit from an affirmation of hysteria; hysteria as a response to what is unacceptable and intolerable in life… as a response to emergency.”
-Avital Ronell


The most important image ever created.

Essentials of Marxism Reading List


I’ve tried to keep this list as pure a possible (qahqaha described it as “Marxist Salafi” when I showed it to him). Marxist theory deals with a massive variety of topics, and I tried to steer clear in order to keep this list about communism, more so than anything else. This is still, and will always be, a work in progress. 


Marx and Engels:



Rosa Luxemburg:


Antonio Gramsci:

The following are all very short pieces by Gramsci:

Georg Lukács:


The Frankfurt School:

Louis Althusser:


A lot more can be found on the Marxists Internet Archive and the E-Book Collective websites.

Anonymous asked:
What's socialism


Thats pretty simple really. Socialism is based on some really simple concepts.

Socialism can best be seen as an economic system (a mode of production). However, it also has ramifications across all of society, such as the political, private and social sphere. This is similar to how capitalism, though primarily an economic structure, has ramifications for how politics, family life and social relationships are organised.

Socialism is an economic system in which there is popular ownership and management of the means of production and these means of production are used to fulfil needs, not to make profits.

Hugo Chavez, the late, great socialist and former President of Venezuela had what he called the “Elementary Triangle of Socialism”. I think this is the best way to conceptualise socialism.

The elementary triangle is as follows:

  1. Social Ownership of Social Wealth. The wealth of all societies is product of millions of labour hours put in by people across the world. It is inconsistent and unfair to have this social wealth be owned by individuals. Socialism would have this wealth owned collectively by all. Socialism stands for common ownership!
  2. Social Management of Social Production. Production is a social process. Workers are constantly working together to achieve tasks and finish products. However, we have a dictatorial method of running the workplace. In the end, the boss makes the calls. Under socialism, we would have it that the workers themselves, as well as the communities effected, would run production in a democratic and egalitarian way. Socialism stands for worker and community control and self-management!
  3. Social Production for Social Needs. The production that is done under socialism will not be in the name of profit. Instead all production will be aimed at fulfilling the needs of society and all the individuals in it. Socialism stands for social needs and individual development!

So, that is at least one way of thinking about socialism. At its heart, socialism is a system where the final goal of all development is to develop human beings to the best they can be. This means providing for each individual to develop and grow their abilities, ideas and understanding.

That is socialism, in a nutshell.


films watched in 2014 - [2]: Paris, Texas (1984)

"Then he ran. He never looked back at the fire. He just ran. He ran until the sun came up and he couldn’t run any further. And when the sun went down, he ran again. For five days he ran like this until every sign of man had disappeared."

am i supposed to be laughing because omg im laughing i just spit my tea out

1 2 3 4 5 »